1、____,____,____ and many other reasons are all responsible for the boom in international trade.
D、social system reasons
2、The different distribution of the world's resources can not determine the patterns of world trade.
3、International trade transactions can refer to the importation and exportation of goods from one country to another.
4、China, has the comparative advantage in the production of textile products and thus will benefit its economy by exporting these goods or exchanging these goods for the products of other nations.
5、Besides, the differences in tastes, preferences and consumption patterns cause a nation to import the same item from other nations even if it has enough of a particular item to meet its needs.
6、When economies of scale are realized, even though the average cost of each unit is reduced, more profits are able to be generated from selling more units to more markets.
7、If goods need to be inspected, the exporter should obtain the mandatory inspection certificates from the authorized institutions before shipping.
8、Nations sometimes restrict exports of critical raw materials, high technology, or equipment when such export might harm its own security.
9、If the importer asks for additional insurance coverage, the exporter is expected to effect insurance as required and the expense shall be for the exporter’s account.
10、A country usually offers protection to its domestic industries by taxing imports of different foreign goods.第二章测试
1、FOB is a shipment contract term.
2、Under the FOB term, ____is paying for the necessary handling of goods until they are loaded on board the vessel.
3、FOB is a shipment contract term, indicating actual delivery.
4、Under ____ term it is especially important for the seller to provide shipment notice to the buyer.
5、The D terms are the arrival contract terms.
6、FOB and CFR share one thing that ______.
A、risk is transferred when the goods are loaded on board the vessel
B、they can be used in any mode of transport
C、the seller will be responsible for the unloading at the port of destination
D、none of the above
7、The term CIF should be followed by ______.
A、named port of shipment
B、named places of destination
C、named ship’s rail
D、named port of destination
8、Among all the Incoterms _____ imposes the minimum obligation and cost to the buyer.
9、Among all the Incoterms _____ imposes the minimum obligation and cost to the seller.
10、According to the Incoterms 2010 under CIF if the goods get loose from the hook and fall into the sea during the loading stage, _____ should hold liable for the loss.
D、both the seller and buyer第三章测试
1、The commission payment of an FOB price should be calculated based on the FOB net price.
2、Discount is a deduction on the original price given to the buyer as incentive.
3、If an effective offer is accepted unconditionally, a contract can be achieved.
4、There is a rule of thumb in international trade stating that any transaction having a profit margin over 10% is a good deal.
5、If the export price is USD100 per M/T CIF Hamburg less 2% discount, what is the actual rice?
6、If the net price is USD980 per piece, commission rate is 2%, then please quote the price with commission.
7、If the export price is USD100 per carton, CIFC3% London, what is the net price?
8、In the quotation, US$1200 per M/T CIFC3% New York, CIFC3% refers to give the buyer 3% discount.
9、Sales Cost refers to the costs of international marketing and sales activities, for example, advertising, sales trip expenses, commissions intermediary services.
10、Terms of Payment is not an important factor influencing the financing and risk.第四章测试
1、_____ is NOT frequently used in international trade.
2、"2000 pairs of shoes" is an example of using ____ to specify quantity.
3、According to UCP600, "about" allows the quantity to be _____ more or less.
4、If the price is calculated by the weight of the goods, the gross weight should be used unless stipulated otherwise in the contract.
5、Weight or volume marks are marks indicating the volume or the gross weight or net weight of the package to facilitate loading, unloading or booking shipping space.
6、Transport packing, also called shipping packing, outer packing or big packing, is used mainly to keep the goods safe and sound during transportation.
7、According to CISG, unless otherwise stipulated in the contract, the payment for the more or less portion of the goods shall be calculated at the contract rate.
8、Theoretical weight is applicable to the commodities of identical or standardized sizes and specifications, such as tin plate and steel plate.
9、In the case of sale by descriptions or illustrations, clauses such as “quality and technical data to be in conformity with the description submitted by the seller” are to be stipulated in the contract.
10、"China Northeast Soybean 2006 New Crop, F. A. Q" is an example of sales by brand name.第五章测试
1、A( An) ______ represents title to the cargo.
D、bill of lading
2、A "freight to be collected" B/L is acceptable to the buyer when the contract is based on ____.
3、Bill of lading are usually made out in a full set including several originals and copies.
4、In international cargo transportation, the most widely adopted bill of lading is ______.
A、straight bill of lading
B、unclean bill of lading
C、bearer bill of lading
D、order bill of lading
5、The liner has a regular line, port, timetable and comparatively fixed freight.
6、Since straight B/L bears higher risk than the open B/L, it is rarely used in international transportation.
7、A clean B/L is issued by the seller to the buyer to certify that the goods delivered are in apparent good condition.
8、A (An) ____B/L refers to one that is made out to a designated consignee.
9、Basic freight is charged for carriage of goods from the port of shipment to port of destination.
10、An Order B/L refers to the one made out to the order of a named person in the bill, which may be transferred or negotiated after endorsement.第六章测试
1、Perils of the sea, such as vessel being stranded or grounded covered in an insurance policy is one kind of ___.
C、general extraneous risk
D、special extraneous risk
2、According to "Ocean Marine Cargo Clause of the People's Insurance Company of China", the coverage which cannot be effected independently is ____.
3、The main document adopted by the insured to make claims against the insurer is _____.
A、bill of lading
4、Risks such as "failure to delivery risk" or "rejection risk" fall within the category of ____.
B、special extraneous risks
C、general extraneous risks
5、According to "Ocean Marine Cargo Clause of the People's Insurance Company of China", the basic coverage that is the least extensive is ______.
6、In ocean marine insurance, natural calamities include heavy weather, earthquake, tsunami, flood, collision, etc.
7、Special additional coverage such as war risks, strikes and so on must be taken out together with FPA, WPA or All Risks.
8、Total loss refers to the loss of the entire value of the subject matter to the insured, normally involving the maximum amount for which a policy is liable.
9、The duration of Basic Insurance refers to the period throughout which the insurance company undertakes an insurance liability.
10、For any additional coverage, it should go with one of the three types of basic insurance coverage, FPA, WPA or AR.第七章测试
1、For a confirmed credit, the confirming bank holds the same liability as the issuing bank.
2、Using a third currency in collecting payment is the best protection against currency risk for the seller.
3、Since under L/C the seller gets payment from a party independent of the buyer, it is the safest mode for him.
4、Under collection though the seller collects payment through banks, it is not guaranteed that he will receive the money as collection is still based on commercial credit.
5、In international trade clean collection is more frequently used than documentary collection.
6、A letter of credit not mentioning it is non-transferable will be seen as transferable.
7、If there is no specific provision, the draft under a letter of credit should draw on the ____.
8、A collection means an arrangement whereby the seller draws a draft on the buyer and authorizes his bank to collect.
9、The buyer, also known as the drawee in the collection practice. He is the one who owes the indicated amount and who is mentioned as drawee on the bill of exchange drawn by the seller.
10、Bill of Exchange is a written instrument which contains an unconditional order whereby the drawer directs the drawee to pay a definite sum of money to the payee or to his order.第八章测试
1、Packing List is a document made out by the seller stating the detailed content of each individual shipment.
2、A bill of lading is a document which is issued by an ocean carrier to a shipper with whom the carrier has entered into a contract for the carriage of goods.
3、Insurance policy is the contract made between the insurer and the insured, which is issued by the insurer and confirmed by the insured.
4、Certificate of Origin is a document certifying the origin of the goods or the place/ country of manufacturing.
5、Mate’s Receipt is issued and signed by the mate of the shipping vessel indicating that the goods have been loaded on board the vessel or the goods have been received by the vessel for loading and can be exchanged for the on board Bill of Lading.
6、Customs Clearance for Export Commodity issued by the customs or the authorized institution evidencing the customs clearance for the export commodity, showing customs clearance number, the information of the goods, the contract number, and the voyage.
7、Shipping Order is a notice to the shipper (exporter) from the carrier or his agent, indicating that goods are received for loading.
8、Booking Note (B/N) is a form to be filled out by the exporter providing the carrier or the shipping agent all the necessary particulars about the shipment to book shipping space.
9、Certificate of Inspection is a document indicating the results of the inspection issued by a government institution, surveyors of chamber of commerce or an independent service company.
10、Export License is the first document a seller has to prepare when he intends to export commodities that are under export control of his country.