智慧树知到英语国家文化(山东联盟)-智慧树-知到-题库零氪慕课答案

日期:2022-06-25 15:41:49

第一章测试

1、The landscape of England is more rugged in the north and the west.

2、Wales is the smallest country in the UK.

3、The United Kingdom is the second-largest in the Commonwealth.

4、In Wales, there are cultural and political differences between Welsh-speaking Wales in the north-west and center and English-influenced Wales in the east and south-west.

5、Which of the following is the largest of the UK?
    A、England
    B、Northern Ireland
    C、Wales
    D、Scotland

6、The capital and largest city in Wales is ______?
    A、Glasgow
    B、Cardiff
    C、Edinburgh
    D、Belfast

7、The UK has a history of small-scale Non-white immigration, with______ having the oldest Black population in the country dating back to the 1730s during the period of the African slave trade.
    A、Nottingham
    B、Bristol
    C、Birmingham
    D、Liverpool

8、Stonehenge is a prehistorical site located in Wales.

9、The Romans occupied Britain for about 400 years.

10、Which of the following events promoted the concept of English nationalism and the development of the textile industry?
    A、The Norman Conquest
    B、The Hundred Years’ War
    C、The Wars of the Roses
    D、The Viking Invasion

11、The end of the Wars of the Roses led to the rule of .
    A、The House of Windsor
    B、The House of York
    C、The House of Tudor
    D、The House of Lancaster

12、The political system in the UK is a constitutional monarchy.

13、The British Queen is supposed to reign but not rule.

14、The British government is characterized by a division of powers between three of the following branches with the EXCEPTION of the .
    A、Judiciary
    B、Legislature
    C、Monarchy
    D、Executive

15、Generally speaking, the British Parliament operates on a system.
    A、single-party
    B、two-party
    C、three-party
    D、multi-party

16、The British economy achieved global dominance by the .
    A、1860s
    B、1870s
    C、1880s
    D、1890s

17、The Group of Seven does NOT include .
    A、Japan
    B、France
    C、Russia
    D、Germany

18、Britain was the first industrialized nation in the world.

19、Limited resources and high unemployment rate were persistent problems that prevented rapid economic development in Britain.

20、Public schools, such as Eton College and Harrow School, are open to all in Britain and a large percentage of population can attend the schools.

第二章测试

1、The current population in America is less than 315 million, rendering it the world’s third largest population, following China and India.

2、Like many other countries, the United States has an identity that depends on ethnic continuity.

3、The USA is a Federal republic made up of 50 states, with 48 states located on the mainland

4、The majority of the population of the United States is of ______ origin, with the largest groups having primary ancestry traceable to the United Kingdom, Germany, and Ireland?
    A、European
    B、Asian
    C、African
    D、Australian

5、Among the 50 states, ______ is the largest in terms of size, and Rhode Island is the smallest.
    A、California
    B、Alaska
    C、Hawaii
    D、Florida

6、Geographically, the United States can be divided into six regions which share similar culture and history: The Mid-Atlantic, The South, The Midwest, The Southwest, the West and ______ .
    A、New England
    B、The East
    C、The North
    D、The Northeast

7、The first permanent British settlement in North America was ______.
    A、Virginia
    B、New York
    C、Massachusetts
    D、Maryland

8、It’s believed that the idea of “the Great Melting Pot” first originated in ______.
    A、Virginia
    B、Massachusetts
    C、Maryland
    D、Pennsylvania

9、Which day is the Independence Day in the United States?
    A、July 4th
    B、July 14th
    C、June 14th
    D、June 4th

10、The Senate is composed of 100 Senators who are elected to serve for a term of 2 years.

11、If the President refuses to sign a bill, then the bill would never become a law.

12、Which of the following is NOT one power of the President?
    A、to nominate the heads of all executive departments
    B、to make laws
    C、to call the National Guard into federal service
    D、to appoint the judges

13、The United States’ economy suffered severely from the two World Wars in the 20th century.

14、The “American system” of mass production was first used in .
    A、car industry
    B、textile industry
    C、firearms industry
    D、agriculture

15、The United States produces as much as half of the world’s .
    A、wheat
    B、cotton
    C、tobacco and vegetable oil
    D、soybeans and corn

16、Mark Twain was a great realist as well as a regionalist, or local color writer.

17、The American educational system is based on the idea that as many people as possible should have access to as much as education as possible.

18、The United States has a national system of education.

19、Which of the following does NOT belong to formal education in the US?
    A、Pre-elementary education
    B、Elementary education
    C、Secondary education
    D、Higher education

20、In order to go to university, secondary school students must meet the following requirements EXCEPT that_____.
    A、they have high School records and recommendations from their teachers
    B、they make good impressions during the interviews
    C、they get good scores in the Scholastic Assessment Tests
    D、they pass the college entrance examinations

第三章测试

1、From west to east, Canada encompasses five time zones.

2、The Five Great Lakes form a connected system that is the world’s largest body of fresh water.

3、The largest lake fully within the Canadian borders is ________.
    A、Lake Superior
    B、Great Slave Lake
    C、Lake Michigan
    D、Great Bear Lake

4、The three main groups of Aboriginal people do not include________.
    A、the Inuit
    B、the Quebecers
    C、the First Nation
    D、the Métis

5、The largest geographical feature in Canada is ___________.
    A、the Atlantic Provinces
    B、the Pacific Coast
    C、the Canadian Shield
    D、St. Lawrence Lowlands

6、As one of the Aboriginal peoples, the majority of _____ live in the Prairie Provinces.
    A、the Inuit
    B、the Quebecers
    C、the Indians
    D、the Métis

7、The self-governing Dominion of Canada was not established on July 1, 1867.

8、Canada is a country born from the European fascination with exploration, imperialism, and colonization that began in the century.
    A、14th
    B、15th
    C、16th
    D、17th

9、In the 1830s, Canada enter a considerable period of political unrest, with a well-organized group of Reformers, led by mostly middle-class and Catholic professionals, against the corruption .
    A、Indians
    B、American
    C、British
    D、French

10、In 1841, Britain passed , which created the United Province of Canada.
    A、the Quebec Act
    B、The Quebec Law
    C、the Act of Union
    D、the Act of Reunion

11、The federal form of government in Canada was patterned after the United Kingdom.

12、National voting is available to Canadian citizens aged 18 or older who reside in Canada or have been abroad for shorter than five years.

13、________ is the Head of State in Canada.
    A、the Governor General
    B、the Prime Minister
    C、the Queen
    D、the federal government

14、________ is the largest party in Canadian parliament.
    A、The Conservative Party
    B、The Liberal Party
    C、Le Bloc Quebecois
    D、the New Democratic Party

15、The Free Trade Agreement came into effect in 1989, with a schedule of removing traffic protection on most items by 1990.

16、Which of the following industries account for more than half of the GDP in Canada?
    A、Primary industries
    B、Secondary industries
    C、Tertiary industries
    D、None of them

17、Which of the following provinces is the manufacturing heartland of Canada?
    A、Alberta
    B、Ontario
    C、British Columbia
    D、Nova Scotia

18、All the French speakers in Canada live in Quebec.

19、Post-secondary education is compulsory in Canada.

20、Which of the following is NOT a reason that students go to Canada to study?
    A、Canada is safe and friendly.
    B、There is no need of high English language proficiency.
    C、Canada is multicultural.
    D、Canadian education has a good reputation in the world.

第四章测试

1、The original immigrants that came to Australia were scattered in different tribes but spoke the same language

2、During Gold Rush , many Chinese people came to Australia.

3、The original migration into Australian land was said to start from ____.
    A、Africa
    B、Asia
    C、Europe
    D、North America

4、Which statement about didgeridoo is NOT true?
    A、It is a kind of musical instrument
    B、It is invented by Australian Aborigines.
    C、It is still in use nowadays.
    D、It is a device used for hunting.

5、Which city/cities has/have hosted the Olympic Games in Australia?
    A、Melbourne
    B、Melbourne and Sydney
    C、Canberra
    D、Sydney

6、Sydney is the second largest city in Australia.

7、Rice has always been a big part of the Australian diet

8、There are 15 per cent of Australians speak other languages, such as Italian, Greek, Vietnamese, Arabic, and Chinese with their families at home

9、How many parts Australian National flag consists of:
    A、3
    B、4
    C、5
    D、6

10、The capital of Australia is:
    A、Melbourne
    B、Sydney
    C、Perth
    D、Canberra

11、Which statement is NOT true about Australia?
    A、It is in the European and Pacific sphere.
    B、It is the smallest continent
    C、It is the largest island
    D、It is the only continent made up of a single country.

12、The Australian Democrats , founded by former Liberal Don Chipp in 1977, became one of the most enduring of all minor parties in Australian political history.

13、Australian Parliament consists of three components: the Monarch, the Senate, and the House of Representatives.

14、Which position is the President of the Federal Executive Council and Commander-in-Chief of the Australian Defence Force.
    A、State governor
    B、Governor-General
    C、Prime Minister
    D、Vice President

15、Australia’s system of government is founded in the ________tradition.
    A、liberal democratic
    B、democratic
    C、freedom
    D、multi-party coexistence

16、Australia has the eighth-highest total estimated value of natural resources.

17、Australia's per-capita GDP is lower than that of the UK, Canada, Germany and France in terms of purchasing power parity.

18、Which of the following is NOT considered as part of the service industry?
    A、Banking
    B、Tourism
    C、Education
    D、Steelmaking

19、Which of the following does Australia NOT belong to?
    A、ASEAN
    B、APEC
    C、G20
    D、OECD

20、Australia enjoys a worldwide reputation for academic excellence. Generally, its higher education system follows a similar model to the US, and the students have different range of choices if they decide to pursue education.