智慧树知道国际学术交流英语-智慧树-知到-题库零氪章节测试答案

日期:2022-01-27 08:40:59

第一章测试

1、The self-introduction speech is usually called at __________.
    A、family setting
    B、informal setting
    C、graduation ceremony
    D、business and academic setting

2、A monologue, as a form of self-introduction speech, means __________.
    A、you just stand up and introduce yourself
    B、you just stand up and introduce one of your friends
    C、you introduce yourself to one team
    D、you introduce a colleague to your team

3、Your self-introduction speech should be __________.
    A、funny and short
    B、short and sweet
    C、sincere and serious
    D、specific and informative

4、There are some helpful tips for self-introduction except __________
    A、try to be calm and relaxed
    B、write an outline in advance
    C、use some attractive language
    D、being well prepared for the speech

5、When you introduce yourself in academic settings, you __________.
    A、need to stand
    B、can sit on the chair
    C、must take your name cards with you
    D、you can tell a joke

6、If you are an outsider to the audience, it’s much better that the person introducing you is __________.
    A、a boss
    B、a friend
    C、an insider
    D、an organizer

7、In order to ensure the introduction sounds authentic, the introducer should __________.
    A、put his own personal spin on the introduction
    B、make his introduction well prepared
    C、add something unexpected to the introduction
    D、share some funny things with the audience

8、__________ is effective when trying to connect with an audience.
    A、The good preparation
    B、The sincere attitude
    C、The real information
    D、The self-depreciating humor

9、What is the best way if you want to know what to keep and what to cut from your introduction?
    A、Reviewing.
    B、Previewing.
    C、Rehearsing.
    D、Memorizing

10、What moments of a presentation are precious?
    A、The first few moments.
    B、The last few moments.
    C、The relaxing moments
    D、The serious moments.

第二章测试

1、____________ can correct themselves and change their utterances as they go along.
    A、Authors
    B、Speakers
    C、Writers
    D、Columnists

2、__________ is used for immediate interactions.
    A、Emails
    B、Cards
    C、Speech
    D、Letters

3、__________ tends to be more complex and intricate.
    A、Written language
    B、Dialogue
    C、Monologue
    D、Conversation

4、There is more need for ____________ to explain things clearly and unambiguously.
    A、writers
    B、speakers
    C、storytellers
    D、commentators

5、__________ can use tone to add emotional context.
    A、Writers
    B、Speakers
    C、Authors
    D、Columnists

6、A presentation doesn’t sound natural because ________________
    A、the language is not accurate
    B、the way the presenter presents himself/herself is not appropriate
    C、there is no enough information
    D、there is no proper organization

7、While doing presentation you should try your best to make it __________.
    A、interesting and attractive
    B、formal and serious
    C、as academic as possible
    D、sound professional

8、Which of the following sayings is more formal? ____________
    A、I ran into him.
    B、I came across him yesterday.
    C、I met him yesterday.
    D、I bumped into him yesterday.

9、Model adjectives can help audience understand the ________ of the presenter.
    A、viewpoints
    B、title
    C、profession
    D、reputation

10、When you do presentations, you should use discourse markers to serve the following purposes except __________.
    A、to tell the audience when to begin and when to end
    B、to show the audience how excellent your language skills are
    C、to see if the audience understand you well
    D、to start something new

第三章测试

1、In order to build relationship, we usually start with ___________
    A、a friendly meeting
    B、a formal introduction
    C、a little small talk
    D、a serious talk

2、What is a good way to start a conversation?
    A、Asking some questions
    B、Introducing yourself.
    C、Talking about the latest news.
    D、Creating some funny topics.

3、Job hunting outside of academia is driven by _______.
    A、family members
    B、personal connections
    C、famous universities
    D、excellent achievements

4、If you want to leave deep impression on somebody, you’d better make sure to have _______ before the conference.
    A、a detailed resume
    B、a specific proposal
    C、a business card
    D、a recommendation letter

5、What does “network solo” mean?
    A、To socialize alone.
    B、To get on the net
    C、To play game together.
    D、To have net meeting

6、You’d better arrive early instead of entering an already crowded room because ____________.
    A、it’s easier to connect with organizers and other insiders
    B、you can have more time to talk with people you know
    C、it’s easier to get familiar with the conference setting
    D、you can be well prepared for your presentation

7、What is the best strategy adopted when people attend the conference alone?
    A、“Talk to random people” strategy.
    B、“One-to-one talk” strategy.
    C、“Keep smile” strategy.
    D、“Face-to-face communication” strategy

8、Where is the best place for socializing at the conference?
    A、Cafeteria
    B、Conference
    C、The public place.
    D、The private place.

9、When you just communicate with people you know at a conference, we often call it __________.
    A、light communication
    B、lightly participating
    C、easy socialization
    D、full participation

10、People should consider the conference as science camp and go into it with a(n) __________ attitude.
    A、sincere
    B、honest
    C、curious
    D、positive

第四章测试

1、Which of the following statements about “performance anxiety” is correct?
    A、It may impair people’s ability to socialize with others during the event.
    B、People often become negative if they have performance anxiety.
    C、Performance anxiety can always do harm to people’s preparation.
    D、A little nervous can motivate people to make good preparation.

2、Performance anxiety can be caused when ____________
    A、people consider too much the reaction of audience to their presentation.
    B、people are worried about the bad result even if they do quite well as they like.
    C、people take advantage of past successful performance during interviews.
    D、people worry that they can’t meet the needs of their friends.

3、Before the presentation, it can be better to have __________
    A、a cold drink
    B、a warm drink
    C、a bottle of beer
    D、a cup of coffee

4、When do people feel particularly nervous?
    A、Before the presentation
    B、During the presentation.
    C、At the end of the presentation.
    D、At the beginning of the presentation.

5、In order to let the audience know the important part of your presentation, you can _____
    A、pause for a moment
    B、emphasize key words
    C、speak in the same voice
    D、use some technical methods

6、If you want to attract the audience, you can use an emotional word, such as _____________, to describe a new way.
    A、amazing
    B、important
    C、useful
    D、popular

7、You’d better avoid providing _____________ as “brain food”, because it can’t help the audience focus on your presentation.
    A、walnuts
    B、yogurt
    C、donuts
    D、green tea

8、What is the first human connection we can have with another person?
    A、Smile.
    B、Talking
    C、Eye contact
    D、Shaking hands

9、In order to show you prepare your presentation quite well, you’d better __________.
    A、memorize your presentation in advance
    B、prepare your ppt quite well
    C、ask the audience for some advice
    D、look at your slides sometimes

10、In terms of visual channels, what is often underestimated?
    A、The role of slides.
    B、The role of body language
    C、The role of audience
    D、The role of presenter

第五章测试

1、In order to keep focused, you should not make your presentation _____________.
    A、clear
    B、to the point
    C、tackling a few themes
    D、covering too much information

2、Because audiences have short attention spans, you’d better _________
    A、use some vivid slides
    B、ask them some questions
    C、keep your presentation brief
    D、tell some humorous stories

3、You can keep your presentation visually engaging because the audiences ___________
    A、hate to read a lot of words on a slide
    B、are not good at reading for a long time
    C、do not have enough patience to listen to it
    D、like to see a digital play

4、If possible, you’d better get familiar with the following elements about the actual room, except ___________.
    A、the acoustics
    B、the temperature
    C、the equipment available
    D、the lighting

5、What should I do to attract the audience’s attention?
    A、You should talk to your PowerPoint.
    B、You should look around the room at the audience.
    C、You should have your head down buried in your notes.
    D、You should fix your attention on a particular individual.

6、How should I stand when I make a presentation?
    A、You should move around a bit.
    B、You should do some acrobatics.
    C、You should keep your hands by your side.
    D、You should make as many gestures as possible.

7、How should I speak when I make a presentation?
    A、You should speak as fast as possible.
    B、You should speak in a formal way.
    C、You should speak with some jokes.
    D、You should speak more slowly than usual.

8、How do I respond to questions when you make a presentation?
    A、You can fake the questions if you don’t know the answers.
    B、You can argue with the audience if they show different opinions.
    C、You can answer the questions as honestly as possible.
    D、You can show your acknowledgement instead of answering the questions.

9、We should keep our presentation brief because _______.
    A、it’s easier for us to memorize
    B、it’s easier for the audience to follow
    C、audiences have short attention spans and this is increasingly so in the digital age
    D、we can’t rely on PPT

10、________ is vital to keep the audience engaged.
    A、Maintaining eye contact
    B、Wearing formal clothes
    C、Speaking fluently
    D、Standing still

第六章测试

1、Who will provide some funding for students to attend a conference?
    A、Their parents.
    B、Their universities.
    C、Their friends
    D、Their relatives.

2、Almost every student considers attending conferences as ____________.
    A、a positive experience
    B、an anxious experience
    C、a negative experience
    D、an interesting experience

3、If you are not interested in some titles or abstracts in the plenary sessions, ______________.
    A、you can skip out on conference events
    B、you can turn the trip into a vacation
    C、you should still go to these sessions
    D、you should ask the organization for a leave

4、Attending an academic conference, researchers can _____________
    A、stay connected to others in their field
    B、get their paper published
    C、get some financial support
    D、search for a new job

5、Who will attend an academic conference in general?
    A、Scientists or scholars.
    B、Students or teachers.
    C、Bosses or employers.
    D、Businessmen or customers.

6、What is a formal meeting where participants are experts in their fields?
    A、An academic conference.
    B、A symposium.
    C、A workshop
    D、A seminar.

7、__________ has the function of bringing together small groups for recurring meetings where everyone needs to participate actively.
    A、A seminar
    B、A conference
    C、A workshop
    D、A symposium

8、We call this type of meeting __________ during which participants have limited amount of time to address the group and have more hands-on experience with demonstrations and activities.
    A、a square-table conference
    B、a seminar
    C、a round-table conference
    D、a workshop

9、Which of the following is not among the reasons why people attend academic conferences?
    A、To learn new ideas and trends in a certain field
    B、To show off one’s presentation skills
    C、To converse with other researchers from different universities and even countries
    D、To visit a new place and learn about its people and culture

10、Below are some reasons why academic conferences matter a lot more to doctoral students except ___________ .
    A、They get to meet like-minded people who share your passion and interest.
    B、Conferences are the ideal environment to make new friends.
    C、They can meet more advanced researchers as well as established senior professionals and scholars.
    D、They get to hear groundbreaking ideas, discoveries and theories on a subject.

第七章测试

1、It is found that if people add a visual aid to their presentation, ______________.
    A、it can help the audience remember the information
    B、it can reduce the time when they make presentation
    C、it can attract the audience to focus on the pictures
    D、it can avoid typing more words on the screen

2、Why should we use the same font for each image?
    A、To keep the images beautiful.
    B、To keep the images consistent.
    C、To keep the images impressive
    D、To keep the images professional.

3、In order to produce high quality visuals, you should _____________.
    A、use many animations
    B、use a complicated font
    C、not use too many words
    D、use different colors

4、When people are showing a visual, they should ______________.
    A、write every word on it
    B、focus on their listeners
    C、read it word for word
    D、use their body languages

5、What are closely related to culture?
    A、Gestures
    B、Facial expressions
    C、Eye contacts
    D、Body movements.

6、Sometimes when people feel nervous, they _______________.
    A、can use smile to reduce the nervousness
    B、cannot focus on their presentation
    C、cannot demonstrate any facial expressions
    D、can check for appropriate facial expressions with the help of mirror

7、When people talk with each other, they should ________________.
    A、look at each other in the eyes
    B、look at other’s shoes
    C、look at the ceiling of the room
    D、look at each other in the forehead

8、Body language consists of gesture, facial expression, and ____________.
    A、voice
    B、smile
    C、stance
    D、appearance

9、The most effective gestures arise from _____________.
    A、the waist
    B、the elbow
    C、the feet
    D、the shoulder

10、A slumped stance leaning to one side means ____________.
    A、the speaker doesn’t care
    B、the speaker wants to leave
    C、the speaker is engaged with the audience
    D、the speaker is bored with the audience

11、Keeping your hands in pockets indicates that you are ____________.
    A、relaxed
    B、unsure
    C、confident
    D、indifferent

12、Which of the following body language is the signal of defensiveness?
    A、Crossing the arms
    B、Looking at the ceiling.
    C、Keeping hands to the back.
    D、Standing quite straightly.

13、____________ can make you look professional.
    A、Looking at the watch
    B、Staring at the audience
    C、Making an eye contact with the audience
    D、Reading the words on the screen

14、When people feel uncomfortable, they may __________.
    A、jiggle their legs
    B、cross their legs
    C、stay in one place
    D、walk back and forth

第八章测试

1、People should use ___________ on power point slides instead of full sentences.
    A、a picture
    B、a passage
    C、bullet points
    D、paragraphs

2、If you participate an academic conference for the first time, you can ____________ to academic presentations.
    A、follow the formula
    B、deviate from the formula
    C、read presentation from the slides
    D、use more texts on the slides

3、People should spend about 10 minutes ____________ with a 15-minute presentation.
    A、going over the existing literature
    B、discussing their data or case study
    C、giving background information on the particular case
    D、discussing the information with which other experts are engaging

4、People should __________ to ensure that their presentation is good.
    A、practice silly to their cats
    B、practice as much as possible
    C、practice within the time limit
    D、practice much in front of their friends

5、People should keep their presentation simple and straightforward because ___________.
    A、audiences have less education than readers
    B、audiences have lower attention spans than readers
    C、audiences have more interests in words than readers
    D、audiences have quicker recap of the main points than readers

6、Why shouldn’t people practice their presentation too much before the actual session?
    A、Because their voice might sound dull and tired.
    B、Because they might lose their interest in their actual presentation
    C、Because they might not remember all the details.
    D、Because they might not pay any attention to the audience.

7、When moving from one idea to another, people should remember to __________.
    A、use voice changes
    B、use body language
    C、use transitional words
    D、use vivid images

8、Although the presentation is indeed terrible, the audience should not ___________.
    A、sleep during that presentation
    B、interrupt the presenter
    C、talk to others during that presentation
    D、leave in the middle of that presentation

9、If people want to leave or exit if necessary during a presentation, they should _____________.
    A、grab an aisle seat
    B、sit in the middle
    C、stand in the back
    D、grab the first row

10、Sometimes what really annoys the presenters?
    A、The introduction part at the beginning of a conference session.
    B、The question-and-answer period of a conference session.
    C、The rude interruption made by audiences.
    D、The questions that the presenter cannot answer.

第九章测试

1、How many key points would be sufficient, if people plan to make a 10-15-minute presentation?
    A、8 key points.
    B、5 key points.
    C、3 key points.
    D、2 key points.

2、What will add clarity to your argument?
    A、Showing a video clip
    B、Explaining complex terms.
    C、Using a practical example.
    D、Offering evidence from the research.

3、___________ is the most important part of the presentation.
    A、The content
    B、The conclusion
    C、The introduction
    D、The body language

4、It’s good to use ____________ to make the introduction easy to understand.
    A、vivid slides
    B、common language
    C、academic words
    D、attractive language

5、Sometimes it is usual to go so in-depth on topics the presenter knows well that ___________.
    A、he loses focus on the audience’s need
    B、he forgets to make an appropriate ending
    C、he includes much unrelated information
    D、he misses some key message of the presentation

6、When people use __________ such as a signal to the end, it can make the structure much clearer.
    A、some conjunction phrases
    B、latest academic phrases
    C、effective transitional phrases
    D、obvious ending phrases

7、In fact, the entire presentation can depend on __________ the presenter makes.
    A、the content
    B、the body language
    C、the introduction
    D、the final impression

8、When the presenter announces to end the presentation, he had better __________.
    A、make a short conclusion
    B、talk about funny information
    C、answer some questions
    D、make some positive comments

9、Remember to __________ because the presenter only has a limited amount of time for the presentation.
    A、use fewer slides
    B、write a rough outline
    C、talk about key points
    D、speak as quickly as possible

10、People can begin with an amusing story in the introduction, in order to __________.
    A、make the audience laugh
    B、show the sense of humor
    C、capture the audience’s attention
    D、state the purpose of the presentation

第十章测试

1、Research data is collected for ____________ in order to produce original research results.
    A、supporting the content
    B、adding more evidence
    C、analyzing the information
    D、attracting the attention

2、Qualitative data is information that __________.
    A、people can’t count
    B、people can measure
    C、is more reliable evidence
    D、is countable evidence

3、What are the two most effective strategies mentioned in this lecture for presenting data and graphs?
    A、Data and graph.
    B、Picture and text.
    C、Quantity and quality.
    D、Layering and small multiples.

4、It’s perfectly fit for people to __________ to describe trends, to make a comparison or to show relationships between two or more items.
    A、use detailed texts
    B、adapt scientific words
    C、invite famous experts
    D、use diagrams and other visuals

5、__________ are designed to visualize how a whole is divided into various parts.
    A、Pie charts
    B、Bar graphs
    C、Line graphs
    D、Diagrams

6、Which of the following statements is TRUE?
    A、It is silly for people to keep the graphs simple
    B、People can always use an appropriate type of graph
    C、A slide that is apt to produce confusion is not worse.
    D、A graph usually makes the numbers much easier to understand.

7、If people try to describe diagrams clearly, they should __________.
    A、name each visual element of the diagrams
    B、use different colors to emphasize the diagrams
    C、use simply language to talk about the diagrams
    D、make the diagrams as attractive as possible

8、The best way to present your data in a pie chart is ______________.
    A、to compare statistical data between different groups
    B、to represent trends, changes or relationship between objects, numbers, dates, etc
    C、to compare the categories with each other
    D、none of the above

9、Before creating charts for your presentations, you should determine what data you’re going to show and design the visuals ___________.
    A、according to your interest
    B、tailored to your audience
    C、based on your knowledge
    D、depending on your habit

10、Line graphs represent __________.
    A、a percentage distribution
    B、how data has changed over time
    C、the relation between different data series
    D、how separate parts work and overlap

第十一章测试

1、If the presentation is too simple for the audience, they _____________.
    A、won’t have any questions
    B、will have many questions
    C、will look quite stupid
    D、wont’ be interested in it

2、If the audience seems a little shy, _______________ before they ask them in front of the whole audience.
    A、discuss with them privately
    B、let them write down their questions
    C、have them discuss their questions in pairs
    D、encourage them to ask questions

3、The phrase “to open up the floor to question” means _______________.
    A、concluding the content in the end
    B、introducing the presenter first
    C、allowing the audience to ask questions
    D、inviting the audience to attend the meeting

4、When the audience are not familiar with the presentation, _______________.
    A、they will ask any questions
    B、they will not raise their questions
    C、they will ask the presenter to explain again
    D、they will leave in the middle of the presentation

5、By asking questions, you can become ___________.
    A、famous
    B、well-known
    C、recognized
    D、laughed at

6、Which of the following does not help if you want to ask questions?
    A、Thinking of any other ways to explain the data and experimental results.
    B、Waiting for other people to ask questions first.
    C、Finding out if the presenter’s results or interpretations contradict what you know to be fact.
    D、Thinking about the relation between data and the conclusion.

7、Why do many presenters fear the Q&A session?
    A、Because the questions are too difficult to answer.
    B、Because they think they cannot control their input.
    C、Because they will be worried about the audience’s reaction.
    D、Because they have not enough time to answer all the questions.

8、What is the first step when responding to questions?
    A、Listen.
    B、Respond.
    C、Understand.
    D、Communicate and involve.

9、When the presenter gets a question from the audience, he should _________.
    A、stand by the screen
    B、back away from the audience
    C、answer the questions as quickly as possible
    D、step forward and look at the person who asks the question, and respond

10、When the presenter answers a question, he had better not __________.
    A、say that is a great question
    B、compliment the audience
    C、take time to think about the answer
    D、look ridiculous

第十二章测试

1、What must be included in a poster?
    A、The future directions
    B、The concise abstract
    C、The personal information
    D、The research questions.

2、What can a poster achieve?
    A、To focus on the future research plan.
    B、To meet the guidelines in general.
    C、To match the audience knowledge base and interests.
    D、To convey the professional message in the academic field.

3、Too many fonts can look __________.
    A、clear
    B、messy
    C、colorful
    D、attractive

4、The poster should be organized into a logical structure that is recognizable at a glance in order to __________.
    A、attract the scientists’ attention
    B、present more complex material
    C、prevent the scientists from asking questions
    D、add more factual information on the poster

5、One of the unique challenges about poster sessions is that ____
    A、the audience is made up of multiple people
    B、the audience are very famous scientists
    C、the presenter must make the poster attractive
    D、the self-introduction should be excellent

6、If the presenter just reads off his poster, __________
    A、the audience will be disengaged
    B、he can’t pay attention to the audience
    C、he will forget to explain his research
    D、the audience will have more clear impression

7、As visitors come into the room, the presenter should __________.
    A、first give the name card to them politely
    B、take steps forward to attract them to the poster
    C、stand quietly next to the poster and greet them
    D、wait for the questions when they come to the poster

8、Presenting the poster is actually a form of ___________.
    A、performance
    B、communication
    C、memorization
    D、expression

9、If the audience is asked if he understands your research or not, he or she will feel ___________.
    A、easy
    B、stupid
    C、excited
    D、nervous

10、Dressing in ____________ clothing is a good idea for poster session.
    A、smart
    B、formal
    C、casual
    D、comfortable