智慧树知道英美文化-智慧树-知到-题库零氪慕课答案大全

日期:2022-10-05 19:05:09

第一章测试

1、In area, the United States is the _________ largest country in the world.
    A、2nd
    B、3rd
    C、4th
    D、5th

2、Among the five Great Lakes, only __________ is wholly within the United States.
    A、Erie
    B、Superior
    C、Huron
    D、Michigan

3、The Statue of Liberty was a gift of friendship to American people from the people of __________.
    A、The United Kingdom
    B、Canada
    C、Australia
    D、France

4、_____ is the capital city of Scotland.
    A、Belfast
    B、Edinburg
    C、Aberdeen
    D、Cardiff

5、According to a 2005 estimate, Britain now has a population of over ____million.
    A、160
    B、600
    C、60
    D、16

6、Among the four parts of the United Kingdom, _____is the smallest.
    A、England
    B、Scotland
    C、Wales
    D、Northern Ireland

7、The Missouri River is called “the Father of Waters".

8、Yellowstone National Park is known for its wildlife and its many geothermal features.

9、The most populous city in America is New York City.

10、The island of Great Britain is geographically divided into three parts: England, Scotland and Wales.

11、The UK is bordered by three seas and one ocean.

12、Scotland is the most populous among the four parts of the UK.

第二章测试

1、The Britain founded ___________ colonies along the East Coast in America.
    A、11
    B、12
    C、13
    D、14

2、The principal author of the Declaration of Independence was _________.
    A、Benjamin Franklin
    B、Thomas Jefferson
    C、John Adams
    D、George Washington

3、How many continental states were there at the time of the independence of the United States?
    A、48
    B、50
    C、13
    D、35

4、But even after the abolition of slavery, organized or individual discrimination was practiced against _______.
    A、Chinese-Americans
    B、American Indians
    C、Japanese-Americans
    D、Black Americans

5、In his inaugural address in 1861, Lincoln showed clearly that he __________.
    A、would abolish slavery in the South
    B、would not abolish slavery immediately but to preserve the Union
    C、would wage a war against slavery
    D、had no idea to abolish slavery in the South.

6、After a period of prosperity (1920-1929), government involvement in the economy increased ________.
    A、during the Great Depression
    B、after World War I
    C、after World War II
    D、during the Cold War

7、In 1932, in the depth of the depression, the American people choose ________ as their next president who promised a “new deal” to get America out of depression.
    A、Theodore
    B、Franklin Roosevelt
    C、Woodrow Wilsom
    D、Herbert Hoover

8、An English colony was founded in America in 1620 by a group of people fleeing religious persecution with the ship called Mayflower.

9、The First Continental Congress was held in Boston in September, 1774.

10、The Great Depression only happened in America.

11、In the year 1066, William the Conqueror invaded England from France, defeating the Saxon king Harold at _________.
    A、the Battle of Crecy
    B、the Battle of Agincourt
    C、the Battle of Hasting
    D、the Battle of Waterloo

12、The ____attack on Rome ended the Roman occupation in Britain in 410.
    A、Danish
    B、Norman
    C、Celtic
    D、Germantic

13、Westminster Abbey was built at the time of_____ .
    A、St. Augustine
    B、Edward the Confessor
    C、William the Conqueror
    D、Alfred the Great

14、The ______marked the establishment of feudalism in England.
    A、Viking invasion
    B、signing of the Magma Carta
    C、Norman Conquest
    D、adoption of common law

15、The direct cause for the Religious Reformation was King Henry VIII’s effort to_____.
    A、divorce his wife
    B、break with Rome
    C、support the Protestants
    D、delare his supreme

16、_____ was passed after the Glorious Revolution.
    A、Bill of Rights
    B、Act of Supremacy
    C、Provisions of Oxford
    D、Magna Carta

17、The Industrial Revolution was accomplished in Britain by the middle of the____ century.
    A、17th
    B、18th
    C、19th
    D、20th

18、The British history before 55BC is basically undocumented.

19、The Celts became the dominant group in Britain between the 8 th and 5 th centuries BC.

20、The name of Britain came from a Celtic tribe-- the Britons.

21、The Anglo-Saxons came to Britain in the mid-5th century.

22、The chief or king of the Anglo--Saxon tribes exercised power at their own will.

第三章测试

1、The real center of power in Parliament is_____.
    A、the Queen
    B、the House of Lords
    C、the House of Commons
    D、the Cabinet

2、The real power of the House of Lords lies in____.
    A、helping to pass money bills
    B、discussing bills
    C、delaying bills
    D、being Supreme Court

3、During the 200 or so years before the mid-19th century, British politics was dominated by the Tories and the Whigs.

4、Economically, the Conservative Party support private enterprise and minimal state regulation, and accepts the mixed economy, which involves private ownership of business with some government control.

5、What are the general principles of the form of US government?
    A、Federalism
    B、the separation of powers
    C、respect for the Constitution and the rule of law
    D、the integration of powers

6、Which of the following are the functions of the US state government?
    A、providing law and order
    B、dealing with matters concerning education
    C、dealing with matters concerning public health
    D、dealing with things which concern day-to-day life

7、Which of the following statements of US Senate or Senator are true?
    A、The Senate has 100 members. Each of the 50 states elects two Senators.
    B、A senator must be over 20 years old, a resident in the state which they represent.
    C、The term for Senators is six years, but one third of them are elected every two years.
    D、A senator must have been an American citizen for at least nine years.

8、Members of the House of Representatives must over 35 years old and must have been an American citizen for at least 7 years.

9、The US state government is concerned with foreign affairs and with matters of general concern to all the states, including interstate commerce.

10、The US Democrats want the government to play an important role in the economy and emphasize full employment as a matter of national concern.

第四章测试

1、Chaucer made great contribution in making the dialect of London the standard for the modern English speech and therefore he is considered as a great master of the English language.

2、The King James Bible is not only considered to be the culmination of Bible translations but also one of the greatest literary works of all time.

3、Which of the following plays of Shakespeare are tragedies?
    A、Hamlet
    B、Othello
    C、King Lear
    D、The Tempest

4、The adventures of Gulliver include_____.
    A、the adventure in Lilliput
    B、the adventure in Brobdingnag
    C、the adventure in Laputa
    D、the adventure in Houyhnhnm

5、“If winter comes, can spring be far behind” is from “Ode to the West Wind” written by ______.
    A、Keats
    B、Wordsworth
    C、Byron
    D、Shelly

6、Becky Sharp is the heroine in the novel of _______ by Thackeray.
    A、Oliver Twist
    B、Vanity Fair
    C、Jane Eyre
    D、The Mill on the Floss

7、The Picture of Dorian Gray is a novel in which Oscar Wilde best practiced his principle of _______.
    A、the art for art's sake
    B、the stream of consciousness
    C、classicism
    D、sentimentalism

8、The author of The Golden Notebook is _____ .
    A、Angela Carter
    B、V. S. Naipaul
    C、Doris Lessing
    D、Kazuo Ishiguro

9、The Colonial Period of American literature stretched roughly from the settlement of America in the early 17th century through the end of ________ century.
    A、the 18th
    B、the 19th
    C、the 20th
    D、the 21th

10、Benjamin Franklin was the epitome of the ______.
    A、American Enlightenment
    B、Sugar Act
    C、Charterist Movement
    D、Romanticist

11、American writers after World War I self-consciously acknowledged that they were (a)”_______,” devoid of faith and alienated from the Western civilization.
    A、Sons of Liberty
    B、Beat Generation
    C、Lost Generation
    D、Angry Young Men

12、More than five hundred poems Dickinson wrote are about nature, in which her general Skepticism about the relationship between ______ is well-expressed.
    A、man and man
    B、men and women
    C、man and nature
    D、man and God

13、________ was often regarded as America’s first man of letters, Father of American Literature, devoting much of his career to literature.
    A、Benjamin Franklin
    B、Philip Freneau
    C、James Fenimore Cooper
    D、Washinton Irving

14、With Howells, James, and Mark Twain active on the scene, ________ became the major trend in the 70s and 80s of the 19th century.
    A、sentimentalism
    B、realism
    C、romanticism
    D、naturalism

第五章测试

1、The literacy rate in Britain is one of the highest in the world at over 99 percent.

2、Every child in Britain must by law receive full-time education from the age of five to eighteen.

3、The great majority of parents, however, send their children to ___ schools, where education and equipment, including text books and stationery, are entirely free.
    A、state
    B、public
    C、private
    D、independent

4、Recruitment of universities in the UK are based on________ .
    A、A-level examination
    B、school references
    C、interview
    D、practice

5、Oxbridge is a term which is now used to refer to ______ collectively, often with implications of their superior intellectual or social status.
    A、two bridges
    B、two universities
    C、two systems
    D、two famous persons

6、The education in America lays emphasis on the basic nature of knowledge and learning.

7、College students must maintain at least a low D average in order to remain in school.

8、“The function of education is to teach one to think intensively and to think critically. Intelligence plus character– that is the goal of true education.” was a remark by ____ .
    A、George Washington
    B、Franklin Roosevelt
    C、Martin Luther King
    D、Vance Pakard

9、There are two stages in secondary education in the US, that is, ________ .
    A、grammar school
    B、elementary school
    C、junior high school
    D、senior high school

10、How do high school students go to universities? There is no annual college entrance examination, applicants are chosen on the basis of the following aspects_____.
    A、high school records
    B、high school teachers' recommendations
    C、interviews
    D、scores of SAT

第六章测试

1、Which of the following are the main Features of religion in the UK?
    A、There's unity among the churches.
    B、There's co-operation among the churches.
    C、More social.
    D、Up-to-date.

2、What is the largest religion in Britain and America?
    A、Christian
    B、Muslim
    C、Jewish
    D、Buddhist

3、Its first aim is to preach the story of Jesus Christ to unbelievers; it also does a great deal of social work among the poor and the sick; and the organization is almost military. The above is the description of _________.
    A、The Pentecostal church.
    B、The Presbyterian church.
    C、The Congregational church.
    D、The Salvation Army.

4、The Anglican Church, also called the Church of England, is one of the main denomination of Protestantism.

5、The US federal government was permitted to give special favors to any religion or to hinder the free practice, or exercise, of religion.

6、The Bible’s books are arranged chronologically, rather than by type.

7、Which of the following days is considered lucky for wedding?
    A、Saturday
    B、Friday
    C、Thursday
    D、Wednesday

8、On the way to the wedding, seeing ____ is considered good luck.
    A、a pig, a lizard
    B、spiders, black cats
    C、monks, nuns
    D、an open grave

9、Which of the following weather is considered lucky for wedding?
    A、cloudy day
    B、windy day
    C、snowy day
    D、rainy day

10、Some British holidays are celebrated to mark the important events of the Christian calendar, and others are related to local customs and traditions.

11、Thanksgiving Day falls on the fourth Tuesday in November.

第七章测试

1、In the United States today, the value of mastering nature results in bold approaches to overcome all obstacles and the belief that an individual should have control over their personal environment and the ability to achieve any goal.

2、This passion for change and progress is evident in the way that Americans have traditionally approached the environment--as something to be conquered, tamed, or harnessed for social or personal benefit.

3、The Puritans have left rich cultural heritage to future Americans. The American values such as individualism, hard work, and respect of education owe every much to the Puritan beliefs.

4、Americans have a strong belief in materialism, that is, that which is partly a result of the people’s great material abundance.

5、In the United States what lies ahead usually takes precedence over the past.

6、Americans believe time is a limited resource, they try to conserve and manage it.

7、That 18th century "American Dream" motivated the Gold Rush and gave California its nickname of the "Golden State".

8、Values and attitudes to life just can be seen in Americans’ characters, they are______ .
    A、pioneering spirit
    B、the desire to start a new life
    C、the need to explore a new frontier
    D、the courage to try something new

9、Hallmarks of cultures that hold Future orientation include _______.
    A、change
    B、taking chances
    C、a stress on youth
    D、optimism

10、What are the modern people’s American Dreams?
    A、To do what they want.
    B、To own a home or rise out of poverty.
    C、To serve God, country, or community.
    D、To want to learn to read or run their own business.

第八章测试

1、The English language belongs to the West Germanic branches of the Indo-European family of languages.

2、The history of English is often divided into ______.
    A、Old English
    B、Middle English
    C、Early Modern English
    D、Late Modern English

3、Before the Saxons, the language spoken in the present UK was a mixture of Latin and various Celtic languages which were spoken before the Romans came to Britain.

4、British pronunciation usually refers to Received Pronunciation (RP). RP is the pronunciation of the British upper class; it is sometimes called the Queen’s English.

5、The principal distinction between early and late modern English is______.
    A、vocabulary
    B、pronunciation
    C、grammar
    D、spelling

6、Words borrowed from French have different pronunciation in British and American English. In AmE, these words are pronounced with the stress falling on the final vowel.

7、Major differences between American and British English include_______ .
    A、pronunciation
    B、spelling
    C、vocabulary
    D、grammar

8、British spellings are highly influenced by French spellings; many words keep the aspects of spelling that of French origin, while Americans use more phonetic spellings.

9、Euphemistic expressions for being fat include______ .
    A、plus-sized
    B、full-bodied/figured
    C、plump
    D、portly

10、Allusion can be categorized as biblical allusion, mythological allusion, historical allusion and literary allusion.

第九章测试

1、Which of the following statements about radio broadcasting in America is NOT true?
    A、The beginning of regular commercially licensed sound broadcasting in U.S. was in 1920.
    B、By 1928, the United States had three national radio networks.
    C、After World War II, television’s visual images replaced the audio-only limitation of radio as the predominant entertainment and news vehicle.
    D、In an era in which TV is clearly the glamour medium, the reach of radio is largely reduced.

2、The mass media are diversified media technologies that can _________.
    A、provide the latest information
    B、contribute to the education
    C、serve as a way of entertainment
    D、introduce you new things that you might be interested in

3、Choose the right statements about British newspaper.
    A、Newspapers offer the electorate objective reports about what is happening in the country.
    B、In Britain, most advertising is carried in newspapers.
    C、About half of newspapers are usually referred to as “the broadsheets” because they are printed on large-size papery.
    D、The other category of national newspapers is “the tabloids”.

4、Three large privately-owned networks in the United States are __________.
    A、NBC
    B、CBS
    C、ABC
    D、NPR

5、Broadcasting forms a very large segment of the mass media.

6、In many countries there are constitutional or statutory protections pertaining to freedom of the press.

7、Freedom of the press means that the press enjoys total freedom.

8、The Observer is the world’s oldest national newspaper.

9、The BBC is Britain’s main public service broadcaster.

10、NBC was created to provide leadership in American national news-gathering and production.

第十章测试

1、Britain is the birthplace of modern football.

2、The Royal Ascot is the biggest social event associated with ________, where women especially wear very elaborate and exotic hats.
    A、Tennis
    B、Cricket
    C、Horse Racing
    D、Golf

3、________is still referred to as the "national pastime” in the US.
    A、Basketball
    B、Baseball
    C、Ice Hockey
    D、American football

4、If David wants to watch British TV dramas about detective story, which of the following will you recommend?
    A、Downton Abbey
    B、Mr. Bean
    C、Sherlock
    D、Black Mirror

5、About Charlie Chaplin, which of the following is not true about him?
    A、He is the biggest star in the silent era.
    B、He is a famous English comedian.
    C、He inspired both high art and pop culture.
    D、His most recognized character is the clown.

6、After WWII, less restrictive censorship leads to the emergence of horror films.

7、Typical characteristics of Classical music era is the emergence of Baroque music.

8、Orchestra music like symphony, dance music like ballet, piano music like Beethoven’s piano sonatas and String Quartets, all reflect the romantic outlook in the 19th century.

9、About American music, which of the following statement is not true?
    A、It reflects the country’s multi-ethnic population through a diverse array of styles.
    B、Rock and roll, blues, country, rhythm and jazz, pop, and hip-hop are among the country's most internationally-renowned genres.
    C、The United States has the world's second largest music industry.
    D、One of the common themes of country music is about life in rural America.

10、Which of the following statement is not true?
    A、Ice Hockey is originated from East America.
    B、The Award of NBA playoffs is the Larry O'Brien Championship Trophy.
    C、Baseball is a game between two teams of 10 people.
    D、The championship game of American Football is the Super Bowl.